Posts Tagged ‘Source’

Goal: a cadabra notebook more LaTeX friendly.

  1. I run a Debian system. Don’t know why, but the original source code in the git repo didn’t work!!!What did I do? I downloaded the code from the Debian repository.
    $ sudo apt-get build-dep cadabra # Install all dependences
    $ mkdir -p ~/Software # Create a folder to download the source
    $ cd ~/Software # Move to the folder
    $ apt-get source cadabra # Download the source code (from Debian)
  2. On the cadabra folder created through the last command line, I looked for the window.cc file and open it
    $ emacs cadabra-1.29/gui/window.cc &
  3. On the window.cc file I changed:
    • The LaTeX package color by the improved xcolor, by changing the string
      << "\\usepackage[usenames]{color}\n"


      << "\\usepackage{xcolor}\n"
    • I added the LaTeX package listings, which improves the verbatim properties (among other things). Right after the mentioned xcolor line, I added the following
      << "\\usepackage{listings}\n"
      << "\\lstset{\n"
      << "  basicstyle=\\small\\color{blue}\\ttfamily,\n"
      << "  breaklines=true,\n"
      << "  columns=fullflexible,\n"
      << "  commentstyle=\\color{gray!60},\n"
      << "  morecomment=[l]{\\%\\%},\n}"

      This allows the Cadabra code to break at the end of the line instead of going out of the page, when compiled to LaTeX (similar to what breqn does on equations).

    • Now, I changed on the DataCell::c_input: case,1 the strings {\\color[named]{Blue}\\begin{verbatim}\n by \\begin{lstlisting}\n, and \n\\end{verbatim}}\n by \n\\end{lstlisting}\n.Far below, the lines with the code if(ln=="{\\color[named]{Blue}\\begin{verbatim}") { should be changed to if(ln=="\\begin{lstlisting}") {, as well as else if(ln=="\\end{verbatim}}") { should be changed to else if(ln=="\\end{lstlisting}") {.
    • Save all the changes
  4. Finally, time to compile
    $ ./configure
    $ make
    $ sudo make install
  5. If your compilation/installation went through, and you try to open an old cadabra notebook (a notebook created with the original cadabra code), the program will complain that the file is not compatible… but I created a small script to transform the old files into new files! Download it here!!USAGE:
    $ ./transf_cadabra oldfile.cnb newfile.cnb


1This is located a few lines below the lines where the LaTeX preamble is defined

Author: Oscar Castillo-Felisola

Created: 2014-02-18 Tue 10:09

Emacs 24.3.1 (Org mode 8.2.5h)



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I’m installing SAGE1 v.5.12 on my laptop which runs Debian. Here I describe the procedure.

  1. Since there is no Debian binary package, you should download the source code. Here the link.
  2. When it finishes, open a terminal C-M-t (sorry for the emacs notation, it means Ctrl+Alt+t)
    • Go to the Downloads folder (or the right place where the tar file was saved)
    $ cd ~/Downloads
    • Untar the file
    $ tar xvf sage-5.12.tar
    • Move to the sage-5.12 folder just created
    cd sage-5.12/
  3. Install the dependencies of the first line. Optionally install LaTeX and ImageMagick using the second line. (NOTE: superuser power is needed to run the below code)
    $ sudo apt-get install -y gcc perl m4 dpkg-dev 
    $ sudo apt-get install -y texlive imagemagick
  4. In machines with more than one core, the instruction to perform parallel compilation is (yo should change the “4” by the amount of cores in your machine)
    $ export MAKE="make -j4"
  5. Now is time to compile the code.For a local compilation, run

    For a
    You can relax, go and have a coffee, because the compilation may longs one hour (or more depending of the machine specifications).

  6. For running the software after the installation is complete, run (on the SAGE directory) the command
    $ ./sage
    • I don’t like to move to the SAGE directory every time and then run the ./sage command, therefore, I tend to create an alias on my ~/.bash_aliases file,
      $ echo "alias sage="sh ~/Downloads/sage-5.12/sage" >> ~/.bash_aliases

      This command adds the line alias sage="sh ~/Downloads/sage-5.12/sage at the end of the file ~/.bash_aliases, you can do it by hand with your favourite editor (gedit, emacs, nano, vim, …)

    • If you refresh your terminal (or open a new one) you just have to run the command sage to start SAGE. Additionally, the notebook environment can be started directly from the terminal by using the flag -n,
      $ sage -n

Hope you find this post useful! Remember to leave your comments or suggestions.



1SAGE is an open source mathematical software which allows numerical and symbolic manipulations

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Noticia: AQUI

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This post is more about a personal opinion.

Most of the followers of my blog know that I’m a devote Linux user, and that I prefer Open Source than any other software.

It is clear than most business people prefer to spend money for a piece of software which get the job done. And additionally, developers will align with the mainstream vendor… or in some cases, money convince them.

The last to months I’ve been working in some supergravity theory, and you might imagine that even a easy calculation is messy… at least, and will take a huge amount of time to complete.

On the other hand Mathematica offers a huge (really huge) toolkit for mathematicians, physicists, economists, and so on. I admit it… I sort of hate to use Mathematica, really do!, but although we all know is amazing as a toolkit.

Nonetheless, most scientist (specially those who grow up using this kind of software), trust the results as if it was not possible to be wrong!!! But if you look further…. there is a book, as enormous as Mathematica user’s guide, of bugs :-S

A year ago one of my office mate found two bugs: one in an integration routine, and another in a loop routine!!!! A LOOP ROUTINE… Do you know someone who has never used a loop routine? How many possible errors have been publish and propagated?! Moreover, I found a bug myself… in the plot function 😐

Since then I use SAGE… or Python, so I’ve spent a lot of time learning, developing and proving routines, asking in the help channels and so on!

I know that this alternatives are far away from Mathematica or Maple or whatever your favourite calculation software is… but imagine!

Today I found a Mathematica package for computing GR tensors, you can use differential forms, first order formalism, redefine quantities in term of vielbeins, write equations using differential forms (with Hodge star and so on)… Incredible! Isn’t it?

Who develop this package? It was not Wolfram!!!! If I were the developer of this marvelous package, I’d prefer to kill myself before writing such a thing for a product which is not available for everyone. Exaggeration?! yes, may be… but I’m citizen of a wealth country, full of poor people. Yes, I also know that any pirate page has a cracked copy of Mathematica… but why should I crack a program?

I don’t want to crack Mathematica… I want an open source software which do as Mathematica. Sorry, I correct: I want an open source software which do BETTER than Mathematica.

My bet is on SAGE, and that’s why I’m willing to contribute with this project.

Live wide and prosper! Enjoy!


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Since I install a fresh Ubuntu, I do not have a texlive configuration on the computer. If you do, might want to remove it before the installation,

$ sudo rm -rf /usr/local/texlive/

Now, let go to the link for downloading the installer. Once the downloading is ready, it is time to untar it (the easiest way is to right-click on it and choose `extract here’). Finally, we run the installer,

$ cd Downloads/install-tl-xxxx/ 
$ sudo ./install-tl

Right now I’m running mine. Have fun with yours.

I almost forgot the configuration of the path, I use a modified PATH configuration on my .bashrc file, to open yours use the command line

$ gedit .bashrc

And add at the end the following lines,

### LaTeX 2009 configuration
export PATH

Save the file, and run

$ source .bashrc

to update the configuration… or just close and reopen the terminal.


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I’ve just re-installed Ubuntu in my Dell XPS 1330n. It looks very nice… but as I wrote in a previous post, I’d like it to be a bit different (out of the box) ’cause it tends to look much like Leopard.

  • The internet connection works, but it is slow… could be the repositories.
  • Firefox’s default search engine has gone back to Google. I have nothing against Yahoo!, but I’m a Google’s fan… So, good for me.
  • I’ve noticed that Empathy includes Facebook chat and MySpace one. As usual, the F4 key allows you to configure your accounts. The chat windows is cuter.
  • In System-> Administration -> Software Source, I changed to mIain server in Ubuntu SoftwareTab, checked the Canonical Archive box in Other Software Tab, and checked the proposed and backport boxes in the Updates Tab. Finally close for reload the changes.
  • After changing the Sotfware sources… It finally began to dist-update. 103 files for a total of 117.1 Mb. Not to bad.
  • I’ve just found something called Gwibber or Broadcast (when you press the mail icon in the upper panel)… It allows you to post in Social networks such as facebook, Flirk, … and many others.
  • Transmission continues been the default torrent client (I really love it!).
  • Still don’t use the Simple Scan program, but I liked really much Xsane… I know, I should give him a try!
  • The detection of external media is as good as before.
  • One of my favourite text editors, Emacs has evolved to Emacs23, I tried like one month ago and I didn’t like it much. Let’s see if this version is better.
  • A Kernel problem which slow down the copy process for large files seems to be gone!

I haven’t finished the Configuration, so I’ll be posting during the day!


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